Solaris lowfloor citybuses and handicap coaches, citybus for handicapped people city transportation

Solaris picutres (photos) and specs: Low-floor city bus for city transportation with spacious passenger compartment, electronically-controlled airsupension. Officially unveiled to the public at the IAA commercial vehicle show in Hannover in the autumn 2002. Shortly after the premiere of the first 12-metre model, new versions with 10m, 15m, and 18m (articulated bus) lengths were added to the Solaris Urbino bus family.

lowfloor citybuses and handicap coaches, citybus for handicapped people

picutres (photos) and specs: Low-floor city bus for city transportation with spacious passenger compartment, electronically-controlled airsupension. Officially unveiled to the public at the IAA commercial vehicle show in Hannover in the autumn 2002. Shortly after the premiere of the first 12-metre model, new versions with 10m, 15m, and 18m (articulated bus) lengths were added to the Solaris Urbino bus family.

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A new brand is born

In 1999 marks the world premiere of the SOLARIS URBINO, the first low-floor bus ever to be built in Poland. The vehicle was designed and manufactured using our extensive experience, market research as well as feedback from users and operators on their expectations regarding city buses. The design and engineering of the Solaris Urbino were also influenced by extensive benchmarking among competitors.

To launch the new Urbino bus family on the market we were looking for a suitable brand name. The new name was to correspond to and summarize the design brief of the new bus family, and to be associated with advanced engineering, high quality, attractive design, prestige, as well as to carry a certain aura of mystery. In the event, out of more than 100 proposals, we have chosen the name SOLARIS – the word which is associated with the sun, warmth, as well as joy of life. Last but not least, the new name contained a hint to the first name of Mrs SOLANGE Olszewska, and as such was seen as a fitting tribute to her.

The first-generation Solaris Urbino was a modern construction of the “heavy-duty” type – perfectly suited to operate on overcrowded urban passenger services and to take the punishment of running on less than perfect road surfaces in its stride. All construction and engineering parameters have been extensively tested during trials on the Tatra test track in the Czech Republic. Results of the tests have been highly commended by industry experts.

Competitive advantage has also been gained through the employment of computer aided design techniques, while the modular concept of the bodywork allowed us to expand the range and to introduce modifications to tailor the product to individual customer requirements.

Shortly after the premiere of the first 12-metre model, new versions with 10m, 15m, and 18m (articulated bus) lengths were added to the Solaris Urbino bus family.

The new buses were extremely well received by industry experts and operators alike. This enabled Solaris Bus & Coach to consolidate the leader’s position on the low-floor city bus market in Poland.

The first buses from Solaris Urbino family were exported to the Czech Republic (Ostrava) and Slovakia (Kosice) in 2000. Shortly afterwards two units were delivered to ABUS, an operator working for Berlin’s BVG city transportation company, making them the first two Solaris buses ever to be exported to a customers in the then European Union.


The experience gained in the process of building and operating the first generation of SOLARIS URBINO buses enabled us to commence the development work on a new generation of city bus in 2001. The SOLARIS URBINO II, with new design’ was even better engineered and had superior technical parameters. It was officially unveiled to the public at the IAA commercial vehicle show in Hannover in the autumn 2002.

Design and styling

The unique and styling of the Solaris Urbino family of buses has been evolved by the IFS DESIGNATELIER GmbH design office in Germany as well as at the FischundVogel Design. The unique shape of vehicle body is determined by a characteristic combination of lines and curves. The hallmark of the Solaris Urbino design is the dropped edge of windshield on the right, which fulfils both an aesthetic and functional role. It offers the driver a much better view of the nearside. It also helps to spot persons waiting at a bus stop which improves safety.

For increased comfort and better information of the passengers, Solaris Urbino buses have been equipped with modern passenger information system comprising three external electronic destination boards placed in the upper part of the bus front, in the upper part of the side and on the rear wall of the vehicle. There is also an extra destination board inside the vehicle.

Another characteristic feature of the Solaris Urbino styling is the construction corner of the bodywork as well as steep angle of the body in the segment over the side windows line, which forms an additional rain gutter preventing rain water from flowing down the side walls and windows. This structure also increases stiffness of the bus side walls.

Innovative external styling cues are carried through to the equally innovative interior, where ergonomic and functional forms are matched by attractive colour schemes and ever-present feeling of safety and comfort.

The “high-tech nature” of the interior is especially visible in the area around the engine compartment. The “engine tower” is finished with elements of plastic and features characteristic depressions echoing the six-cylinder engine layout. A nice styling cue of the engine cover is a built-in rev counter.


The buses of Urbino family are designed to provide the passengers with ultimate comfort and safety, even on the shortest of routes. The ease of ingress and egress is assured by low floor, while high travel comfort is provided thanks to Wabco ECAS electronically-controlled air suspension.

The main strengths of the Solaris Urbino is the spacious of the passenger compartment, light and airy interior, smooth and quiet ride, low floor without any steps in the centre aisle and efficient ventilation system ensuring optimum air circulation.

On customers request, Solaris Urbino buses may be equipped with high-grade audio and video systems to customer’s specification. Cameras and video screens are available as an option, helping to increase the sense of passenger and driver security.

The passenger compartment

One of the chief objectives during the development of the Solaris Urbino range was the maximum convenience and safety for both the driver and passengers. Solaris Urbino boasts unusually wide centre aisle, not seen in other buses, achieved thanks to maximum 625mm width between rear wheel arches. This amount of space allows passengers to move freely up and down the bus interior without encountering any major obstacles.

More light

Solaris Urbino is the bus full of light. Seeking to increase passenger comfort even further, the Solaris Urbino employs an advanced lighting system which optimises the intensity and dispersion of light throughout the interior. Made of special milk-white and semi-transparent plastic, the panels of the roof channel make it possible to incorporate sources of light inside the channel. This concept leads to a more passenger-friendly lighting, superior to conventional fluorescent lights. Another important feature which brightens up the interior is the vertical engine cover, whose shape and reduced size facilitate daylight penetration.



Ventilation and air-conditioning

Roof-mounted vents and electrically operated roof hatches ensure very good air circulation. The hatches operated from the driver’s seat, also double up as emergency exits. Solaris Urbino buses are also available with air-conditioning for the driver’s compartment alone, for the passenger area or for the entire bus interior.



Smooth floor, without steps, facilitates easy moving up and down the aisles and accessing seats. The entire floor area is covered with tough anti-slippery coating. The floor level is 360mm, with the lowering facility by further 80mm, to achieve the 280mm height above the ground. The “kneeling” mechanism facilitates boarding and egress for elderly persons and mothers with children. A manually-placed ramp at the second entrance allows easy access to wheelchairs and pushchairs.

To make Solaris Urbino even more passenger-friendly, all edges around the floor area are rounded to reduce the risk of tripping on sharp edges. The railing systems used in the Solaris Urbino have been optimised to facilitate use also by disabled persons.

Emphasis on convenience and functionality

Design solutions employed in the Solaris Urbino ensure maximum operating convenience for the driver and service fitters during inspection and maintenance.

The driver’s compartment has been designed as an ergonomic and comfortable place of work. The advanced controls and information displays are available either in the form of the system designed in-house by Solaris or a VDO system.

The Solaris Urbino has been engineered to minute details with the customer’s and operator’s convenience in mind. The electrical wiring looms which are housed inside purpose-designed cages, easy access to air tanks housed under the bus roof or easy to use inspection flaps (opened by a handle on the lower edge), are just a few examples of how Solaris engineers make life easier for operators. Solaris Urbino drivers and technicians have an advantage over competitive models when it comes to easy and uncluttered access to daily servicing items. Practical swivelling mountings for the front headlights are another convenient feature of the Solaris Urbino.

Our designers have not even overlooked the need to incorporate folding side mirrors, with the nearside mirror being folded onto the windscreen and the offside mirror onto the side of the bus. Thanks to this simple feature, the vehicle can enter a bus wash without the need to take off the mirrors.


The Solaris Urbino body frame is a welded structure, made from 1.4003 grade stainless steel (according to the EN 10088 standard). The special frame architecture makes Solaris Urbino one of the lightest vehicles in its class. Large-section profiles employed in the construction of the body frame increase the body rigidity and resistance to vibrations. They also help to reduce noise levels.

Side panels of the Solaris Urbino are made from 1.4003 grade stainless sheets (according to the EN 10088 standard), with lower sections made of aluminium. Front and rear sections of the bus have been made from glass-reinforced plastic (GRP). For the engine covers multi-layer sound-proofing system has been employed which effectively reduces interior noise levels. The headlining is made from the HPL material which is 100 per cent proof to moisture and condensation.

An important feature of all Solaris Urbino models is their modular design. This allows bus fleets operating the Urbino buses of various lengths and other Solaris models to use the same spare parts, effectively reducing their parts inventory, and to use the same diagnostic tools for the entire fleet.


The engine, transmission and rear axle ratio for the Solaris Urbino have been carefully selected to ensure optimum performance, highest possible passenger comfort as well as low fuel consumption with low operating costs for the operator. In order to achieve the lowest possible floor level, the engine has been positioned vertically in the left-hand corner of the rear section of the vehicle.

All Solaris Urbino are powered by advanced diesel engines supplied by DAF, MAN or IVECO. The choice of power unit depend on the customer’s choice. The engine is coupled to a ZF or Voith automatic transmission. The Solaris Urbino feature rigid axles, with independent suspension available for the front axle.


Solaris Urbino features ZF Servocom 8098 power steering, with the RBL power steering available as an option. Small turning circle with just 18.08m (for Urbino 10), 21.4m (U12), 25m (U15) and 23.2m (U18) ensure excellent manoeuvrability, additionally enhanced thanks to carefully designed steering geometry and front axle control rods.

Electrical system

The Solaris Urbino electrical system has been based around the CAN-Bus system which significantly reduces the number of wiring looms used on the vehicle. The whole concept is based on connecting a large number of electrical equipment with a single network. This has an additional benefit of freeing up a lot of space inside the vehicle which was previously taken up by countless electrical cables and looms. CAN-Bus system also ensures longer life and highest reliability of the entire electrical system, with the added benefit of greatly simplified maintenance, servicing and diagnostics.

The main electrical box with automatic fuses and relays is mounted inside the bus, near the driver’s seat, which makes it well protected against dust, humidity and other harsh climate conditions. State-of-the-art technology has enabled us to increase reliability and to reduce the dimensions of the electrical box.

The major part of wiring looms as well as pneumatic lines and heating ducts have been accommodated under the roof of the Solaris Urbino. Wiring looms are secured in special gutters which protects them against rubbing against sharp edges of the body frame and against dust and knocks. The system additionally facilitates servicing and cuts the time needed for repairs.


Solaris Urbino is equipped with very efficient advanced, dual-circuit pneumatic braking system supplied by Knorr or Wabco. Disc brakes are fitted all round, with the added effectiveness of the EBS system.


All engines used to power the Solaris Urbino range meet the rigorous Euro3 emission standards. Their environment-friendliness is best measured by the degree of reduction of the environment-polluting substances. Particulate emissions have been cut to just 0.1g/ kWh, while CO emissions are down to 0.8g/ kWh, with NOx emissions reduced to 4.8 g/ kWh. Customer can additionally specify CRT particulate filter which help to cut emissions even further.

Thoroughly tested

One of the basic requirements accompanying the development of the Solaris Urbino range was constant monitoring of the functioning of every unit, every component, and every single part. Solaris Urbino underwent extended testing programmes, carried out both as computer simulations and in during arduous test drives on various test tracks.

Among tests carried out on DAF, Wabco and Tatra test tracks, the Solaris Urbino was subjected to driving tests on various surfaces, including “Belgian cobbles” at speeds of up 50 km/h, stretches of undulating surface and banked roads, sections with the angle of approach of 18 degrees, stability and manoeuvrability testing, plus special strength and stress testing. During these tests Solaris Urbino negotiated thousands of bends and carried out thousands of sharp braking cycles – an equivalent of covering 1.000.000 kilometres in normal operation, or, in other words, an equivalent of 10 years’ operation in normal road conditions.



Vehicle Solaris Urbino II





PE 183C

N° of cylindres

6 in line, vertical

Bore/Stroke (mm)


Displace volume (cm3)


Compression ratio


Injection system

Direct-In-line injection pump - typeUPEC

Power (kW-CV at rpm)

188kW at 2080rpm

Torque (Nm-kgm at rpm)

1050Nm at 1700rpm

Min. spec. fuel consumption (g/kW/h)

(204 for Tmax) (205 for Pmax)

Battery capacity (Ah)


Alternator capacity (W)

24V –2x100A (plus 1x100A for AC system)

Starter capacity (kW)


Emissions NOx (g/kW/h)

4,8 g/kw/h

Emissions CO (g/kW/h)

0,8 g/kw/h

Emissions particulate (g/kW/h)

0,05 g/kw/h

Emissions HC (g/kW/h)

0,19 g/kw/h





Manufacturer and type

Voith 864.3E – automatic

N° of gears


Lower gear


Higher gear



Front (manufacturer and type)


Rear (manufacturer and type)

ZF AV132

Rear axle ratio



Type (frame or self-supporting)



Front axle

Independent 2x shock absorber + 2 air bellows

Rear axle

4x shock absorber + 4 air bellows


Front (drums or discs and diameter)

Discs – 430mm

Rear (drums or discs and diameter)

Discs – 430mm

Engine brake (type)


Retarder (manufacturer and type)

Yes, integrated with gearbox (Voith)



ZF Servocom 8098



22,5x7,5 (22,5x8,25)





275/70 R22,5


Kerb weight

10800kg (w/o air conditioning)



Gross vehicle weight


Towing weight


Lenght x width x height

12000mm x 2550mm x 3000mm

Front track

2158mm (from center to center)

Rear track

1886mm (from center to center)

Front overhang


Rear overhang




Turning diameter between walls



Number of places (total passengers, seats)


Fuel tank capacity (litres)

270 liters


HEATING SYSTEM (description)

Bus is equipped with Konvekta KL 60 A/C unit with roof heating option and KS100 controller.

Ventilation is provided by 2 fans installed in the roof with suction and blowing action.

Heating system consists of convectors, three under seats heaters and roof heating.

Independent Webasto heater enables heating to be turned on with engine switched off or if heating before trip is needed.







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